Frequently asked Questions
For Policy Makers
3 papers on helmets and laws in Injury Prevention
Decide for yourself about the quality of the works published
4 UK reports find little evidence of helmet effectiveness
The results of independent research by diverse sources
A critical examination of arguments in favour of bicycle helmet legislation
How poor methods and analyses result in misrepresentation of the Canadian experience
Assessing the actual risks faced by cyclists
Putting the risk when cycling into perspective
Australia: the world's fattest nation
Read what this has to do with cycle helmets
Bicycle helmets: a scientific evaluation
A detailed analysis of brain injuries, helmets and legislation
BMJ focuses on uncertainties about helmets
Analyses and peer responses in the British Medical Journal about whether helmet laws lead to improved public health
Changes in cycle use in Australia
A comprehensive look at how cycle use has changed since the helmet laws
How helmet laws could de-rail the City Bike revolution
Our commentary on one of the principal pro-helmet documents
Conflicting evidence - a concern not only for cycle helmet research
A look at other medical research that has proved unreliable
Head injuries and helmet laws in Australia and New Zealand
A comprehensive assessment of the first helmet laws
Helmet laws: creating consensus out of controversy and contradictions
Robinson DL Velo City 2007
Helmet laws: What has been their effect?
How individual laws have affected cycle use and casualties
High life expectancy confirms low risk in cycling
Evidence of long lives for those who cycle regularly counters the notion that cyclists face exceptional risk of head injury
Reviews of 3 papers that are fundamentally flawed and in which the data sometimes provides good evidence for an opposite conclusion to that advanced by the authors.
No evidence of benefit from helmet laws
The influential Cochrane Review finds it cannot show that helmet laws lead to a lower risk of head injury
Quantifying the risk of head injury to child cyclists in England
Risk compensation: myth or reality?
The authors are not convinced about risk compensation. We look at their analysis.
Evidence that cycling is a low-risk activity that gets safer when more people do it
BHRF looks at a one-sided review of helmets for the BMA's Board of Science that relies heavily on the use of discredited and anecdotal evidence
The health benefits of cycling
Why the benefits of cycling greatly outweigh the risk
How they work and their limitations
TRL confirms helmets may increase severity of injuries
Our review analyses the findings and takes a wider look at rotational injuries
Why are Dutch cyclists more likely to be injured if they wear helmets?
Few Dutch cyclists wear helmets, but 13% of hospitalised cyclists do. Why?