Frequently asked Questions
For Policy Makers
Wasserman RC, Buccini RV. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 1990;18(1):96-7
Data was collected from questionnaries returned by mail from 191 recreational bicyclists who reported having fallen and struck their heads in a cycling mishap. Information was collected on the nature of the mishap, the extent of injury and whether the rider was wearing a helmet at the time of the fall. 57% of riders were wearing a helmet during the mishap. Helmet wearers were significantly older than those not wearing helmets. Helmet wearers experienced significantly fewer skull fractures (1% v 11%) and facial soft tissue injuries (5% v 18%) than non-wearers. No other variables accounted for differences in injuries.
Based on Towner et al, 2002:
There are too many discrepancies and uncertainties for this to be a reliable study.
Towner E, Dowswell T, Burkes M, Dickinson H, Towner J, Hayes M, 2002. Bicycle helmets - a review of their effectiveness: a critical review of the literature. Department for Transport Road Safety Research Report 30.